What is strategic planning?
Master Fire Plan, Fire and Resuce Services
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A master fire plan assesses a local fire department’s efficiency. It defines goals for public safety. This process is also referred to as strategic planning.
Despite all the effort and great work of fire and rescue services, casualties caused by fires unfortunately cannot be entirely avoided. Nevertheless, societal consensus calls for reducing damage casualties to the absolute minimum. In order to guarantee that, fire department’s must be able to operate efficiently at any time.
The master fire plan (or strategic plan) evaluates efficiency and determines the requirements for fire services and fire protection in cities and municipalities. Thus, a master fire plan evaluates the local fire department’s performance and sets goals for public safety.
The target state of the master fire plan can be derived from the assigned planning scenarios. Finally, the simultaneity of possible incidents must be considered stochastically.
An example: Let’s assume that in a planning scenario for a local expressway, the local fire brigade will come to the assumption that effective damage control is only possible by using at least 4000 liters (approx. 1057 gallons) of extinguishing water within the first 5 minutes after the fire has started. A possible solution could then be to station a tank extinguisher vehicle close to the expressway (drive time). Similar considerations apply to the functional strength. The simultaneity of operations (e.g. in large cities) can make it necessary to provide several vehicles of said type and a higher functional strength
The actual state of the fire department or fire prevention service is usually determined by the current level of deployment occurrence and its development, the personnel (managers and crew) and the apparatus (vehicles, equipment, structural facilities).
However, the consideration at municipal level is the sum of defensive fire protection (of the fire brigade) and preventive fire protection measures and facilities.
Preventive fire protection (pre-incident planning) is here based on cooperation between the administration (building authority according to state legislation) and the fire brigade in the building permit procedure. Pre-incident planning applies the directions of state building regulations.
In addition, in recent years the idea that citizens can improve their safety through a certain ability to help themselves has become increasingly popular. An example for this is the use of fire extinguishers.
Based on the hazard analysis and the comparison of the target and actual state, organizational, personnel and technical measures can be derived for the local fire department’s development.
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